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小升初英语语法知识要点:动词不定式(一)

来源:深圳奥数网      2013-01-15 14:55:59    标签:深圳小升初 英语语法 知识要点 动词不定式 小升初英语

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  深圳奥数网 英语也是深圳小升初考试中非常重要的一科。我们应该如何复习才能够在小升初英语考试中取得好成绩呢?小升初英语学习必须靠着日积月累的知识,所以,从现在开始,我们就应该为小升初英语考试储备知识咯!

  1、动词+ 不定式

  afford, aim, appear, agree, arrange, ask, be, decide, bother, care, choose, come, dare, demand, desire, determine, expect, elect, endeavor, hope, fail, happen, help, hesitate, learn, long, mean, manage, offer, ought, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, wait, wish, undertake

  The driver failed to see the other car in time. 司机没能及时看见另一辆车。

  I happen to know the answer to your question. 我碰巧知道你那道问题的答案。

  2) 动词+不定式;动词+宾语+不定式

  ask, beg, choose, expect, hate, help intend like, love, need prefer, prepare, promise, want, wish

  I like to keep everything tidy. 我喜欢每件东西都保持整洁。

  I like you to keep everything tidy. 我喜欢你使每件东西都保持整洁。

  I want to speak to Tom.  我想和汤姆谈话。

  I want you to speak to Tom.  我想让你和汤姆谈话。

  3) 动词+疑问词+ to

  decide, know, consider forget, learn, remember, show, understand, see, wonder, hear, find out, explain, tell

  Please show us how to do that. 请演示给我们如何去做。

  There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind which to buy。有这么多的录音机,我都拿不定主意买哪一种。

  注意

  疑问词带不定式在句中作成分时,谓语动词用单数。如:The question is how to put it into practice. 问题是怎样把它付诸实施。

  2. 不定式作补语

  1) 动词+宾语+不定式(to do)

  advise, allow, appoint, believe, cause, challenge, command, compel, consider, declare, drive, enable, encourage, find, forbid, force, guess, hire, imagine, impel, induce, inform, instruct, invite, judge, know, like, order, permit, persuade, remind, report, request, require, select, send, state, suppose, tell, think, train, trust, understand, urge, warn

  a. Father will not allow us to play on the street. 父亲不让我们在街上玩耍。

  b. We believe him to be guilty. 我们相信他是有罪的。

  Find 的特殊用法

  Find 后可用分词做宾补,或先加形式宾语,再加形容词,最后加带to 的动词不定式。find后也可带一个从句。此类动词还有get,have。

  I found him lying on the ground。

  I found it important to learn。

  I found that to learn English is important。

  The next morning she found the man ___ in bed,dead.

  A. lying  B. lie  C. lay  D. laying

  答案:A. find的宾语后面,用分词或分词短语,起宾语补足语作用。现在分词表达主动,也表达正在进行,过去分词表达被动。

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